This article will explain how to start a layers egg farming business in Zimbabwe, and the business plan. Before you start an egg laying business, you have to decide how many layers you want to keep, where you are going keep them, and your target market. The number of birds you keep will depend on the amount of land and capital you have, and also the size of your target market. You should always carry out a feasibility study, market research and write a business plan before you venture into any business. Do not make the mistake of starting a layers chicken egg farming business or any other business just because someone is doing it and he/she says it’s profitable.
What you need
Land, Housing and Equipment
This is a very important factor to consider. It will determine whether you succeed or not in the layer business. The kind of housing you need and the size of the land will depend on the size of your layer project. An ideal poultry farm should be sited where there’s a large availability of cheap land and at the same time should be close to your market. Chicken layers cannot adjust well to temperature extremes, so it is very important that chickens be housed, cared and provided with an environment that will enable them to maintain their thermal balance. The right housing should have proper ventilation and the right lighting. Ventilation is necessary so that adequate air exchange can take place. Lighting stimulates hens to lay eggs. If you want to produce eggs year-round, you will need to install adequate lighting in your facility.
Layers need a certain minimum space and convenient place to grow well, otherwise if the space is not enough they may suffocate to death, which will be a great loss to your business. You should allow at least 0.15 square metres per bird, which may be covered with clean straw, wood shavings, or sawdust. Your housing can be barns, layer cages, chicken runs or hutches. The cost of construction depends on the size. You should have equipment including feeders, drinkers, lighting system and waste disposal system. You will also need chicken layer nests for the layers to lay eggs. If you purchase layer cages as housing for your layers, the layer cages will already have the laying nests, feeders etc.
Point of lay chickens/Layer chicks
Chicken Layers start to lay eggs at about 19 weeks of age. You can buy layer chicks and feed them till they are 19 weeks, or the more popular option of buying them when they are at the point of lay i.e. at 19 weeks of age. It is very important to buy high quality point of layer chicks, which are vaccinated; otherwise your layers will have a low rate of egg production and a high mortality rate. It is recommended to buy layers from well established companies like Novatek and Irvines. The average price of each point of lay layer is $11.
It is very important to give the layers the right feeds, and the right quantities, so that they grow well and have a high egg production rate. The type of feeds you choose will determine the success of your business. It is recommended to use the feeds which are sold by the company where you bought the point of lay chickens from. You will have to feed the birds according to the specific instructions on the packet of the feed. The type of feed also depends on the housing, season and age of the layers.
Management and Labour
The number of staff you will need depends on the size of your poultry project. If you are keeping 50 birds at the back of your house you may not need an employee as you and your family will take care of the birds. On the other hand, if you have a poultry farm you will need dedicated staff to look after the birds, and to manage the business. You need good management skills and technical knowledge of layer rearing techniques if you want to be profitable. Do your research, and train those who are working for you.
The amount of capital you need will depend on the scale of your project, location of your farm, and the type of management technology you are using. A small scale being production being run behind your house may require a capital of between $700 and $2000. A medium scale farm may require between $2000 and $10 000, while a large scale egg production business will require a startup capital of more than $10 000. Some companies like Novatek will give you everything you require to start the layers business on credit, with 0% deposit if you are a civil servant.
Before you start the egg laying business, you should define the market you are targeting. For small scale production, you can sell to those in your neighborhood, by simply putting a “Eggs for Sale” sign at your gate. The market price for eggs in Zimbabwe is $1 for 6. For medium to large scale production you can supply to supermarkets, tuckshops, schools, vendors etc. If you have good networking skills it will be very easy for you to market your eggs.
Pre-Written Layers Egg Production Business Plan
For an in-depth analysis of the layers egg farming business in Zimbabwe, purchase our business plan. We decided to introduce the business plans after noting that many Zimbabweans were venturing into the layers business without a full understanding of the industry, market, how to run the business, the risks involved, profitability of the business and the costs involved, leading to a high failure rate of their businesses.
Our business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run a layers egg business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as the layers egg production business plan will lay out all the costs involved in setting up and running the layers egg business. The business plan is designed uniquely for the Zimbabwean market.
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The layers egg production business plan can be used for many purposes including:
- Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
- Applying for a bank loan
- Start-up guide to launch your layers egg production business
- As a project proposal
- Assessing profitability of the layers egg production business
- Finding a business partner
- Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
- Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation
The business plan includes, but not limited to:
- Market Analysis
- Industry Analysis
- Financial Statements (income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs)
- Marketing Strategy
- Risk Analysis
- SWOT & PEST Analysis
- Operational Requirements
- Operational Strategy
- Why some Zimbabweans in layers business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
- Ways to raise capital to start your layers business in Zimbabwe
The layers egg production business plan includes technical aspects of how to keep the layers. It also includes a mini-directory with contacts which will prove to be helpful in launching and running the layers egg business. E.g. We will provide the contact details of the companies that produce feeds, construct layer houses e.t.c.
We decided to make them affordable for anyone who would want a business plan, and the price for pre-written business plans is only $12.50 for soft copies, and $16 for hard copies.
You can purchase via Paynow using Ecocash, Telecash , MasterCard or Visa Card. You just click Pay now (scroll down) and you will then be taken to Pay now website where you make the payment. Just follow the instructions; you will be done with the payment process in 2 minutes. We will email the business plan (PDF format, Microsoft word format, and a Microsoft Excel file with the financial statements) to you within 24 hours, using the email address you provided when you were paying.
If you have a PayPal account, you can purchase the business plan via PayPal. You just click Buy now (scroll down) and you will then be taken to PayPal website where you make the payment. Just follow the instructions; you will be done with the payment process in 2 minutes. We will email the business plan (PDF format, Microsoft word format, and a Microsoft Excel file with the financial statements) to you within 24 hours, using the email address you provided when you were paying.
You can also purchase hard copies and/or soft copies at our offices in Harare. Visit StartupBiz Zimbabwe, Office 103, First Floor, Gowero House, Cnr Mbuya Nehanda and Nelson Mandela, Harare . Hard copies cost $16 and soft copies cost $12.50.
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Layers Egg Production Business Plan ($12.50)
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